Some teachers and parents use addition manipulatives to help students understand the basic addition facts. For example, adding groups of "Apple Jacks" (a breakfast cereal) by counting will quickly lead students to understand the concepts of addition. By the way, it is important to note that addition skills follow naturally from counting skills, so if your student has difficulty counting, perhaps you should focus on that first.

The next section includes our popular "Five Minute Frenzies". Some people call these mad minutes or timed drills. They are meant to be timed to add a little more excitement to practicing addition facts. They are ideally used to increase a student's ability to recall addition facts quickly which has all sorts of benefits later in their school life including preventing the high school teacher complaining about "how their students can't even add single-digit numbers without using a calculator."

As you move down the page, you will notice that we have prepared some good old-fashioned math worksheets for practicing single-digit addition to multi-digit addition and a few other interesting addition worksheets. Please use the menu below to jump to a specific section.

## General Use Printables

Use the printable addition tables below to learn addition facts or the blank printable addition tables to practice addition facts.

## Five Minute Frenzy Charts

Five minute frenzy charts are 10 by 10 grids for addition fact practice. In each square, students write the sum of the column number and the row number. They try to complete the chart in less than five minutes and score 98 percent or better. Of course, you don't necessarily have to use that rule of thumb as students come in all sorts of configurations. We would recommend setting personal goals for students based on an initial (or diagnostic) test. If they are banging their head against the wall after a couple of minutes with only a few questions done, they really shouldn't be completing a timed addition facts drill at the moment. They still have some learning to do. We would recommend breaking out the Apple Jacks at this point. If they blast through the questions in 1.5 minutes and get almost all of them correct, they are probably ready for something a little more challenging. We would recommend breaking out the base ten blocks and working on some two-digit questions at this point.

## Single-Digit Addition Worksheets

The selection of single-digit addition worksheets below are great for testing or building speed in mental addition. Most people would agree that being able to add single-digit numbers quickly and in your head is an essential skill for success in math. The various options below focus in on skills that students may be learning independently before they tackle all single-digit addition questions. As with most of our worksheets, these will not magically make a student learn addition, but they are a valuable teaching and assessment tool that can be used with students who are learning their single-digit addition facts.

For students who are learning their addition facts, try using counters. Make the counters fun with cereal pieces or other foods. For questions involving regrouping, try using base ten blocks, so students become familiar with these essential manipulatives.

## Two-Digit Addition Worksheets

Use base ten blocks to develop students conceptual understanding of addition. Try a mental math strategy where students add from left to right. E.g. 34 + 78 would be 30 + 70 = 100, 100 + 4 = 104, 104 + 8 = 112. Don't forget about using estimation with these worksheets.

## Addition with Games

For the adding with playing cards worksheets, a Jack is counted as 11, a Queen as 12, a King as 13 and an Ace as 1.

## Adding Complements of Numbers

Finding complements of numbers can help students a great deal in developing mental arithmetic skills and to further their understanding of number.