Welcome to the division worksheets page at Math-Drills.com! Please give us your undivided attention while we introduce this page. Our worksheets for division help you to teach students the very important concept of division. If students have a good recall of multiplication facts, the division facts should be a breeze to teach. If you want your students to experience success in learning division, please make sure they know their multiplication facts to 81, how to multiply by 0 and how to multiply by 10. If they don't know these things, this is going to take a lot longer. If you would rather, we also have European format division worksheets.
On this page you will find many Division Worksheets including division facts and long division with and without remainders. We start off with some division facts which as you know are just the multiplication facts expressed in a different way. The main difference is that you can't divide by 0 and get a real number. If you really want your students to impress, say at their dinner table when their parents ask them what they learned today, you can teach them that division by zero is undefined.
The rest of the page is devoted to long division which for some reason is disliked among some members of the population. Long division is most difficult when students don't know their multiplication facts, so make sure they know them first. Oh, we already said that. What about a long division algorithm... maybe the one you or your parents or your grandparents learned? We adamantly say, yes! The reason that you and your ancestors used it is because it is an efficient and beautiful algorithm that will allow you to solve some of the most difficult division problems that even base ten blocks couldn't touch. It works equally well for decimals and whole numbers. Long division really isn't that hard.
Division Facts Worksheets
Cement the concept of division in students' brains through the use of manipulatives! Using base ten blocks, students would have to regroup all of the rods into small cubes, so they could make piles of nine. Instead of muddling things with complicated lingo (quotient, dividend, divisor), try this prompt, "How many _____'s are in _____?" For the question, 81 ÷ 9, the prompt would sound like, "How many 9's are in 81?" This prompt will benefit students later when they have to conceptualize decimal or fraction division. "How many thirds are in four wholes?" sounds better than, "What do you have to multiply by one third to get four?"
Long Division Worksheets
Need an easier way to divide large numbers? Try this method using powers of ten. To successfully use this method, students need to be able to multiply by powers of ten and to subtract. Students subtract the dividend multiplied by decreasing powers of ten until they have zero or a remainder. Example: 1458 ÷ 54. Note 54 × 1 = 54, 54 × 10 = 540 (nothing greater is needed). 1458 - 540 - 540 = 378. Note that 540 was subtracted twice, so the number of times that 54 "goes into" 1458 so far is 20 times. Continuing, 378 - 54 - 54 - 54 - 54 - 54 - 54 - 54 = 0. Since 54 was subtracted seven times, the quotient increases by seven for a total of 27. In other words, 54 "goes into" 1458, 27 times.
We might also mention that this method can be even more sophisticated by using multiples of powers of ten. In the above example, using 54 × 5 = 270 would have helped to get to the quotient quicker.
Have you ever thought that you could help a student understand things better and get a more precise answer while still using remainders? It's quite easy really. Remainders are usually given out of context, including on the answer keys below. A remainder is really a numerator in a fractional quotient. For example 19 ÷ 3 is 6 with a remainder of 1 which is more precisely 6 1/3. Using fractional quotients means your students will always find the exact answer to all long division questions, and in many cases the answer will actually be more precise (e.g. compare 6 1/3 with 6.3333....).
We thought it might be helpful to include some long division worksheets with the steps shown. The answer keys for these division worksheets use the standard algorithm that you might learn if you went to an English speaking school. Learning this algorithm by itself is sometimes not enough as it may not lead to a good conceptual understanding. One tool that helps students learn the standard algorithm and develop an understanding of division is a set of base ten blocks. By teaching students division with base ten blocks first then progressing to the standard algorithm, students will gain a conceptual understanding plus have the use of an efficient algorithm for long division. Students who have both of these things will naturally experience more success in their future mathematical studies.
Divisibility of 2, 5 and 10
A number is divisible by 2 if the final digit (the digit in the ones place) is even. Numbers ending in 0, 2, 4, 6, or 8 therefore are divisible by 2. A number is divisible by 5 if the final digit is a 0 or a 5. A number is divisible by 10 if the final digit is a 0.
Divisibility of 3, 6 and 9
A number is divisible by 3 if the sum of its digits is divisible by 3. For example, 285 is divisible by 3 because 2 + 8 + 5 = 15 is divisible by 3. A number is divisible by 6 if it is divisible by both 3 and 2 (see above rules). A number is divisible by 9 if the sum of its digits is divisible by 9. For examples, 285 is not divisible by 9 because 2 + 8 + 5 = 15 is not divisible by 9.
Divisibility of 4, 7 and 8
A number is divisible by 4 if the last two digits of the number are divisible by 4. For 7, there are a couple of strategies to use. Please see Divisibility Math Tricks to Learn the Facts or Another Divisibility Test for 7 for more information. A number is divisible by 8 if the last three digits are divisible by 8. This is the standard rule which can be a little sketchy for larger numbers, like who knows if 680 is divisible by 8? Because of this, we offer our Math-Drills.com solution which requires a little arithmetic, but can be accomplished quite easily with a little practice. As you know 8 is 2 to the third power, so we thought if you could divide the last three digits of a number by 2 three times, it would be divisible by 8. 680 ÷ 2 ÷ 2 ÷ 2 = 340 ÷ 2 ÷ 2 = 170 ÷ 2 = 85. We have a winner! 680 is indeed divisible by 8.