Welcome to the multiplication facts worksheets page at Math-Drills.com! On this page, you will find Multiplication worksheets for practicing multiplication facts at various levels and in a variety of formats. This is our most popular page due to the wide variety of worksheets for multiplication available. Or it could be that learning multiplication facts and multiplication strategies are essential to many topics in mathematics beyond third grade math.
We believe that learning the multiplication facts to the point of quick recall is a goal for all students. That's why we start you off with some multiplication tables, five minute frenzy charts and multiplication facts. Multiplication facts are actually easier to learn than you might think. First of all, it is only essential to learn the facts from 1 to 9. Somewhere along the way students can learn that anything multiplied by zero is zero. Hopefully, that is an easy one. Students also need to learn to multiply by ten as a precursor to learning how to multiply other powers of ten. After those three skills are learned, everything else is long multiplication. Multiplying by 11 is actually two-digit multiplication. Now, learning fact tables of 11 and beyond will do no harm to those students who are keen and able to learn these things quickly, and it might help them figure out how many eggs are in a gross faster than anyone else, but keep it simple for those students who struggle a bit more.
Use the printable multiplication tables below to learn multiplication facts or the blank printable multiplication tables to practice multiplication facts.
Five Minute Frenzy Charts
Five minute frenzy charts are 10 by 10 grids that are used for multiplication fact practice (up to 12 x 12) and improving recall. In each square, students write the product of the column number and the row number. They try to complete the chart in less than five minutes and score 98 percent or better. Well, that's what we said on the addition page too, but making personal goals based on past performance is probably much preferable. Remember, your child/student is not the same as everybody else, so neither will his/her learning style be the same.
It is important to note here that you should NOT have students complete five minute frenzies if they don't already know all of the multiplication facts that appear on them. If you want them to participate with the rest of the class, cross off the rows and columns that they don't know and have them complete a modified version. Remember, these charts are for practice and improving recall, not a teaching tool by itself. More versions (B to J) are available from the first worksheet page.
Multiplication Facts to 7 × 7 = 49
Multiplication facts to 49 refer to any facts using the digits 0 to 7. On the worksheets below, we've included just enough questions to cover each fact once. Using the digits from 1 to 7 means there are 49 facts all together, so we've put 49 questions on the page. Using the digits from 0 to 7 means there are 64 facts all together, so the worksheets with a range of 0 to 7 include 64 questions on the page. The large print pages have fewer questions on them, but all the questions are unique and in the given range.
When a student first learns multiplication facts, try not to overwhelm them with the entire multiplication table. The (A) version of each worksheet below includes one row of the facts in order with the target digit on the bottom and one row with the target digit on the top. The remaining rows include each of the facts once, but the target digit is randomly placed on the top or the bottom and the facts are randomly mixed on each row. The other versions (accessed from the A version page) do not have the first two rows organized.
Multiplication Facts to 9 × 9 = 81
The multiplication facts to 81 worksheets include versions with 81, 100 and 35 questions. The reason for the 81 question versions is because there are exactly 81 facts from 1 × 1 to 9 × 9, so each worksheet has each fact exactly once. The worksheet with zeros included also has 81 per page only to reduce the number of questions that include zero. The 100 questions versions include some repetition, but this has been controlled, so each question will appear no more than twice on each worksheet. On the multiplication facts to 81 with zeros worksheet with 100 questions, each fact appears exactly once, but you will note quite a few questions that include 0. The 35 questions worksheets are meant for any students who require fewer questions or a larger font.
When learning multiplication facts, it is useful to have each fact isolated on a set of practice questions to help reinforce the individual fact. The following worksheets isolate each fact. These worksheets can be used as practice sheets, assessment sheets, or in conjunction with another teaching strategy such as manipulative use. If you are looking for different versions, you will find them once you load the first worksheet.
Multiplication Facts to 10 × 10 = 100
Multiplying by 10 is often a lesson itself, but here we have included it with the other facts. Students usually learn how to multiply by 10 fairly quickly, so this section really is not a whole lot more difficult than the multiplication facts to 81 section.
Multiplication Facts to 12 × 12 = 144
The following worksheets are intended for multiplication fact practice or assessment after students have learned all of the multiplication facts. They might also be used as a set of questions for manipulative practice. For example, students could model multiplication questions using arrays of counters. They could check their answers using the answer key.
Multiplying 1 to 12 by Target Facts
When learning multiplication facts, it is useful to have each fact isolated on a set of practice questions to help reinforce the individual fact. The following worksheets isolate each fact.
Multiplication Facts Greater Than 144
Horizontal Multiplication Facts
Here is a selection of worksheets that include horizontal questions. This orientation is sometimes just a matter of preference. If students have mastered their multiplication facts, see if these offer any challenge. Seeing questions arranged in different ways builds flexibility and adaptability in students.