Subtraction Worksheets

Welcome to the Subtraction Worksheets page at Math-Drills.com where you will get less of an experience than our other pages! This page includes Subtraction worksheets on topics such as five minute frenzies, one-, two-, three- and multi-digit subtraction and subtracting across zeros.

Subtraction has been around for several years now... well maybe more than a few, so it's probably a good thing for students to learn. People experience subtraction every minute of their lives from banks and the government taking away your money to the cookies in the jar mysteriously disappearing. With a good knowledge of subtraction, you can understand why your bank account reaches zero and do something to prevent it from happening.

Some students do have difficulty with subtraction, so take it easy on them. Help them to learn their addition facts first. Once they know those, they will need a few more strategies to successfully subtract. Teaching with manipulatives like base ten blocks or cereal or insects in the park can help students gain a deeper understanding of subtraction. The subtracting worksheets on this page are meant to support good teaching practices, so only use them for independent learning if students are practising skills they already know.

We use the words, minuend, subtrahend and difference on this page. Please refer to the following, so you know which word means which part of a subtraction question.

Minuend - Subtrahend = Difference

Most Popular Subtraction Worksheets this Week

Vertical Subtraction Facts From 0 to 18 -- 100 Questions (A) Vertical Subtraction Facts From 0 to 18 -- 100 Questions (A)
2-Digit Subtraction with All Regrouping (A) 2-Digit Subtraction with All Regrouping (A)
3-Digit Minus 3-Digit Subtraction (A) 3-Digit Minus 3-Digit Subtraction (A)
100 Subtraction Questions with Minuends up to 9 (A) 100 Subtraction Questions with Minuends up to 9 (A)
2-Digit Subtraction with No Regrouping (A) 2-Digit Subtraction with No Regrouping (A)
Five Minute Subtraction Frenzy with Minuends up to 18 (A) Five Minute Subtraction Frenzy with Minuends up to 18 (A)
Two-Digit Minus One-Digit Subtraction with All Regrouping (A) Two-Digit Minus One-Digit Subtraction with All Regrouping (A)
25 Subtraction Questions with Minuends up to 9 (A) 25 Subtraction Questions with Minuends up to 9 (A)
2-Digit Subtraction with Some Regrouping (A) 2-Digit Subtraction with Some Regrouping (A)
Subtraction Facts Tables 0 to 11 Grey (A) Subtraction Facts Tables 0 to 11 Grey (A)

Five Minute Subtraction Frenzy Charts

Five minute subtraction frenzies are timed practice charts that help students develop subtraction fact recall speed.

These charts are similar to the addition and multiplication frenzy charts, but due to the nature of how subtraction works, we could not focus solely on the single digit fact families. For example, you might get questions like 18 - 4 = 14. You also have to be aware that you must subtract the row number from the column number to get a positive number (or zero). Other than that, they should be a nice way to practice some mental subtraction. As with most of these pages, please only use them as a timed activity with students who will experience success. If a student does not have the necessary skills to complete a frenzy in under five minutes, you may need to take a different approach to how you deliver this page. For all others, students should be able to complete this page in under five minutes with a 98% or greater accuracy and improve their time as they get more practice.

Five minute subtraction frenzies.

Five Minute Subtraction Frenzy Up To 18 Five Minute Subtraction Frenzy Up To 38 Five Minute Subtraction Frenzy Up To 50

Subtracting Single-Digit Numbers Worksheets a.k.a. Subtraction Facts

Subtraction facts worksheets with various ranges and including worksheets for practicing individual facts.

Subtracting single-digit facts is a skill that students generally learn after or while they are learning single-digit addition facts. The subtraction worksheets below are meant to be used for practice, testing or as a teaching skill. They will not teach students how to subtract or what the connection is between addition and subtraction; for that, students require a teacher or parent. If students are learning their subtraction facts, please use the suitable page below. For example, if your student has just learned subtracting by 3, then you will probably want to choose a subtraction worksheet that focuses on 3 as a subtrahend.

Various subtraction tables.

Subtraction Facts 0 to 11 in Grey Subtraction Facts 0 to 11 in Color Subtraction Facts 0 to 11 with Facts Highlighted Subtraction Facts 1 to 12 in Grey Subtraction Facts 1 to 12 in Color Subtraction Facts 1 to 12 with Facts Highlighted Filled Subtraction Table Blank Subtraction Table
Subtracting from minuends 2 to 9 (no regrouping).

100 Subtraction Questions with Minuends up to 9 64 Subtraction Questions with Minuends up to 9 25 Subtraction Questions with Minuends up to 9 100 Horizontal Subtraction Facts to 10
Subtracting from minuends 2 to 18 (some regrouping).

100 Subtraction Questions with Minuends up to 18 (including Zeros) 64 Subtraction Questions with Minuends up to 18 (including Zeros) 12 Subtraction Questions with Minuends up to 18 (including Zeros) 100 Subtraction Questions with Minuends to 18 (No Zeros) 81 Subtraction Questions with Minuends to 18 (No Zeros) 64 Subtraction Questions with Minuends to 18 (No Zeros) 25 Subtraction Questions with Minuends to 18 (No Zeros) 100 Horizontal Subtraction Facts to 18
Subtracting from minuends 10 to 18 (all regrouping).

100 Subtraction Questions with Minuends from 10 to 18 64 Subtraction Questions with Minuends from 10 to 18 25 Subtraction Questions with Minuends from 10 to 18
Subtracting single focus digits.

25 Subtracting 0's Questions 25 Subtracting 1's Questions 25 Subtracting 2's Questions 25 Subtracting 3's Questions 25 Subtracting 4's Questions 25 Subtracting 5's Questions 25 Subtracting 6's Questions 25 Subtracting 7's Questions 25 Subtracting 8's Questions 25 Subtracting 9's Questions 50 Subtracting 1's Questions 50 Subtracting 2's Questions 50 Subtracting 3's Questions 50 Subtracting 4's Questions 50 Subtracting 5's Questions 50 Subtracting 6's Questions 50 Subtracting 7's Questions 50 Subtracting 8's Questions 50 Subtracting 9's Questions 50 Subtracting 10's Questions
Horizontal subtracting single focus digits.

Horizontal Subtracting Ones (21 per page) Horizontal Subtracting Twos (21 per page) Horizontal Subtracting 0 (100 per page) Horizontal Subtracting 1 (100 per page) Horizontal Subtracting 2 (100 per page) Horizontal Subtracting 3 (100 per page) Horizontal Subtracting 4 (100 per page) Horizontal Subtracting 5 (100 per page) Horizontal Subtracting 6 (100 per page) Horizontal Subtracting 7 (100 per page) Horizontal Subtracting 8 (100 per page) Horizontal Subtracting 9 (100 per page) Horizontal Subtracting 0 and 1 (100 per page) Horizontal Subtracting 2 and 3 (100 per page) Horizontal Subtracting 4 and 5 (100 per page) Horizontal Subtracting 6 and 7 (100 per page) Horizontal Subtracting 8 and 9 (100 per page)

Multi-Digit Subtraction Worksheets

Subtraction worksheets including questions with two or more digits for practicing subtracting strategies with larger numbers.

Try teaching a mental math strategy for subtraction called counting up. Here is how it is done:

Start with the second number (the subtrahend) and count up by tens until you find the closest value to the first number (the minuend). Keep track of how many tens you counted. Add or subtract a single digit number to get the minuend exactly then adjust the tens by that amount. For the question, 84 - 35, start at 35, and count, 45, 55, 65, 75, 85 (five tens) and one down to get 84. Five tens minus one is 49. For the question 65 - 22, start at 22 and count, 32, 42, 52, 62 (four tens) and three up to get 65. Four tens and three is 43. The previous examples used two-digit numbers, but the strategy can swiftly be modified for larger numbers. How far can your students go with it? Here is an example with three-digit numbers:

Let's use the question 927 - 648. First, count up by hundreds to 948 (that's 300). Then count down by tens to 928 (that's -20). Finally count down by ones to 927 (that's one). 300 - 20 - 1 = 279. That's almost easier than adding!

Two-digit subtraction worksheets.

2-Digit Minus One-Digit Subtraction All Regrouping 2-Digit Subtraction No Regrouping 2-Digit Subtraction All Regrouping 2-Digit Subtraction Some Regrouping 2-digit Minus 1-Digit Subtraction (Horizontal) 2-digit Minus 2-Digit Subtraction (Horizontal)
Two-digit subtraction worksheets with focus numbers.

Subtracting 11's Subtracting 12's

Why horizontal subtraction worksheets? Students can show their understanding of place value and number sense if they do not already have the numbers lined up. Vertical subtraction is often learned based on a student's understanding of single-digit subtraction, but looking at the whole number is lost in the algorithm.

Three-digit subtraction worksheets.

3-Digit Minus 2-Digit Subtraction 3-Digit Minus 3-Digit Subtraction 3-Digit Minus 2-Digit Subtraction with no Regrouping 3-Digit Minus 3-Digit Subtraction with no Regrouping Three-digit Minus One-Digit Subtraction (Horizontal) Three-digit Minus Two-Digit Subtraction (Horizontal) Three-digit Minus Three-Digit Subtraction (Horizontal)
Four-digit subtraction worksheets.

4-Digit Minus 2-Digit Subtraction with no Regrouping 4-Digit Minus 3-Digit Subtraction with no Regrouping 4-Digit Minus 4-Digit Subtraction with no Regrouping 4-Digit Minus 4-Digit Subtraction (Comma Separated) 4-Digit Minus 3-Digit Subtraction (Comma Separated) 4-Digit Minus 2-Digit Subtraction (Comma Separated) 4-Digit Minus 4-Digit Subtraction (Space Separated) 4-Digit Minus 3-Digit Subtraction (Space Separated) 4-Digit Minus 2-Digit Subtraction (Space Separated) 4-Digit Minus 4-Digit Subtraction (Dot Separated) 4-Digit Minus 3-Digit Subtraction (Dot Separated) 4-Digit Minus 2-Digit Subtraction (Dot Separated)
Five-digit subtraction worksheets.

5-Digit Minus 5-Digit Subtraction with no Regrouping 5-Digit Minus 5-Digit Subtraction (Comma Separated) 5-Digit Minus 4-Digit Subtraction (Comma Separated) 5-Digit Minus 3-Digit (Comma Separated) 5-Digit Minus 2-Digit (Comma Separated) Mixture of Multi-Digit Subtraction from 2 to 4 digits (Comma Separated) Mixture of Multi-Digit Subtraction from 2 to 5 digits (Comma Separated) 5-Digit Minus 5-Digit Subtraction (Space Separated) 5-Digit Minus 4-Digit Subtraction (Space Separated) 5-Digit Minus 3-Digit Subtraction (Space Separated) 5-Digit Minus 2-Digit Subtraction (Space Separated) Mixture of Multi-Digit Subtraction from 2 to 4 digits (Space Separated) Mixture of Multi-Digit Subtraction from 2 to 5 digits (Space Separated) 5-Digit Minus 5-Digit Subtraction (Dot Separated) 5-Digit Minus 4-Digit Subtraction (Dot Separated) 5-Digit Minus 3-Digit Subtraction (Dot Separated) 5-Digit Minus 2-Digit Subtraction (Dot Separated) Mixture of Multi-Digit Subtraction from 2 to 4 digits (Dot Separated) Mixture of Multi-Digit Subtraction from 2 to 5 digits (Dot Separated)

Subtracting Across Zeros a.k.a. Finding Complements

Subtracting across zeros worksheets for students to learn and practice this important skill.

Subtracting across zeros with powers of 10.

Subtracting from 10 Subtracting from 100 Subtracting from 1000 Subtracting from 10000 Subtracting from a mixture of 100 and 1000 Subtracting from a mixture of 1000 and 10000 Subtracting from a mixture of 100, 1000 and 10000
Subtracting across zeros with multiples of powers of 10.

Subtracting from multiples of 10 Subtracting from multiples of 100 Subtracting from multiples of 1000 Subtracting from multiples of 10000 Subtracting from a mixture of multiples of 100 and 1000 Subtracting from a mixture of multiples of 1000 and 10000 Subtracting from a mixture of multiples of 100, 1000 and 10000

Subtracting in Other Number Systems

Subtracting numbers in number systems other than decimal numbers including binary, quaternary, octal, duodecimal and hexadecimal numbers.

Subtracting in other base number systems.

Subtracting Binary Numbers (Base 2) Subtracting Ternary Numbers (Base 3) Subtracting Quaternary Numbers (Base 4) Subtracting Quinary Numbers (Base 5) Subtracting Senary Numbers (Base 6) Subtracting Octal Numbers (Base 8) Subtracting Duodecimal Numbers (Base 12) Subtracting Hexadecimal Numbers (Base 16) Subtracting Vigesimal Numbers (Base 20) Subtracting Hexatrigesimal Numbers (Base 36) Subtracting Various Numbers (Various Bases)