Multiplication Facts Worksheets

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Welcome to the multiplication facts worksheets page at Math-Drills.com! On this page, you will find Multiplication worksheets for practicing multiplication facts at various levels and in a variety of formats. This is our most popular page due to the wide variety of worksheets for multiplication available. Or it could be that learning multiplication facts and multiplication strategies are essential to many topics in mathematics beyond third grade math.

Learning multiplication facts to the point of quick recall should be a goal for all students and will serve them well in their math studies. Multiplication facts are actually easier to learn than you might think. First of all, it is only essential to learn the facts from 1 to 9. Somewhere along the way students can learn that anything multiplied by zero is zero. Hopefully, that is an easy one. Students also need to learn to multiply by ten as a precursor to learning how to multiply other powers of ten. After those three skills are learned, everything else is long multiplication. Multiplying by 11 is actually two-digit multiplication. Now, learning fact tables of 11 and beyond will do no harm to those students who are keen and able to learn these things quickly, and it might help them figure out how many eggs are in a gross faster than anyone else, but keep it simple for those students who struggle a bit more.

Multiplication Tables

Multiplication Facts Tables With Individual Questions

The multiplication tables with individual questions include a separate box for each number. In each box, the single number is multiplied by every other number with each question on one line. The tables may be used for various purposes such as introducing the multiplication tables, skip counting, as a lookup table, patterning activities, and memorizing.

Multiplication Facts Tables (Compact)

The compact multiplication tables are basically lookup charts. To look up a multiplication fact, find the first factor in the column header and the second factor in the row headers; then use straight edges, your fingers or your eyes to find where the column and row intersect to get the product. These tables are better than the previous tables for finding patterns, but they can be used in similar ways. Each PDF includes a filled out table page and a blank table page. The blank tables can be used for practice or assessment. You might also make a game out of it, such as "Pin the Fact on the Table" (a play on Pin the Tail on the Donkey). Students are given a product (answer) and they pin it on an enlarged version or the table (photocopier enlargement, interactive whiteboard, overhead projector, etc.). Paper-saving versions with multiple tables per page are included. There are also left-handed versions (students who use their left hands might block the row headings on the right-handed versions).

Left-Handed Multiplication Facts Tables (Compact)

The left-handed versions of the multiplication tables recognize that students who use their left hands might block the row headings on the right-handed versions.

Five Minute Frenzy Charts

Five Minute Frenzies

Five minute frenzy charts are 10 by 10 grids that are used for multiplication fact practice (up to 12 x 12) and improving recall speed. They are very much like compact multiplication tables, but all the numbers are mixed up, so students are unable to use skip counting to fill them out. In each square, students write the product of the column number and the row number. They try to complete the chart in a set time with an accuracy goal (such as less than five minutes and score 98 percent or better).

It is important to note here that you should NOT have students complete five minute frenzies if they don't already know all of the multiplication facts that appear on them. If you want them to participate with the rest of the class, cross off the rows and columns that they don't know and have them complete a modified version. Remember, these charts are for practice and improving recall, not a teaching tool by itself.

Left-Handed Five Minute Frenzies

Students who write with their left hands may cover the row headings on the right-handed versions, so these versions have the row headings on the other side.

Multiplication Facts to 7 × 7 = 49

Multiplication facts to 7 × 7 = 49 appear exactly once on each worksheet

Multiplication facts to 49 refer to any facts using the digits 0 to 7. On the worksheets below, we've included just enough questions to cover each fact once. Using the digits from 1 to 7 means there are 49 facts all together, so we've put 49 questions on the page. Using the digits from 0 to 7 means there are 64 facts all together, so the worksheets with a range of 0 to 7 include 64 questions on the page. The large print pages have fewer questions on them, but all the questions are unique and in the given range.

Multiplying (0 to 7) by individual facts practice worksheets without zeros

When a student first learns multiplication facts, try not to overwhelm them with the entire multiplication table. The (A) version of each worksheet below includes one row of the facts in order with the target digit on the bottom and one row with the target digit on the top. The remaining rows include each of the facts once, but the target digit is randomly placed on the top or the bottom and the facts are randomly mixed on each row. The other versions (accessed from the A version page) do not have the first two rows organized.

Multiplying (0 to 7) by individual facts practice worksheets WITH zeros

As with the 1 to 7 versions, the first two rows on the (A) versions are organized sequentially.

Multiplication Facts to 9 × 9 = 81

Multiplication facts to 9 × 9 = 81

The multiplication facts to 81 worksheets include versions with 81, 100 and 35 questions. The reason for the 81 question versions is because there are exactly 81 facts from 1 × 1 to 9 × 9, so each worksheet has each fact exactly once. The worksheet with zeros included also has 81 per page only to reduce the number of questions that include zero. The 100 questions versions include some repetition, but this has been controlled, so each question will appear no more than twice on each worksheet. On the multiplication facts to 81 with zeros worksheet with 100 questions, each fact appears exactly once, but you will note quite a few questions that include 0. The 35 questions worksheets are meant for any students who require fewer questions or a larger font.

Multiplication facts (1 to 9) with target facts and 100 questions per page

When learning multiplication facts, it is useful to have each fact isolated on a set of practice questions to help reinforce the individual fact. The following worksheets isolate each fact. These worksheets can be used as practice sheets, assessment sheets, or in conjunction with another teaching strategy such as manipulative use. If you are looking for different versions, you will find them once you load the first worksheet.

Multiplication facts (1 to 9) with individual target facts and 35 questions per page in a larger print

Multiplication Facts to 10 × 10 = 100

Multiplication facts worksheets with facts to 10 × 10 = 100 including individual facts worksheets.

Multiplying by 10 is often a lesson itself, but here we have included it with the other facts. Students usually learn how to multiply by 10 fairly quickly, so this section really is not a whole lot more difficult than the multiplication facts to 81 section.

Multiplication facts to 10 × 10 = 100 with 100 questions per page

Multiplication facts to 10 × 10 = 100 with 36 questions per page and a larger font size

Multiplication facts (1 to 10) with target facts and 100 questions per page

Multiplication facts (1 to 10) with increasing ranges for the second factor and 100 questions per page

Multiplication facts (1 to 10) with target facts and 36 questions per page

Multiplication Facts to 12 × 12 = 144

Multiplication facts worksheets with facts to 12 × 12 = 144 including individual facts worksheets.

The following worksheets are intended for multiplication fact practice or assessment after students have learned all of the multiplication facts. They might also be used as a set of questions for manipulative practice. For example, students could model multiplication questions using arrays of counters. They could check their answers using the answer key.

Multiplication facts to 12 × 12 = 144 with 100 questions per page

Multiplication facts (1 to 12) with target facts and 100 questions per page

Multiplication facts (1 to 12) with "anchor" target facts and 100 questions per page

Multiplication facts (1 to 12) with increasing ranges for the second factor and 100 questions per page

Repetitive Multiplication; One Fact Per Page

Multiplication Facts Greater Than 144

Multiplication facts from 13 × 13 = 169 and up worksheets.

Multiplication facts beyond the 12× table

Horizontal Multiplication Facts

Multiplication worksheets with questions arranged horizontally.

A horizontal orientation is sometimes just a matter of preference. If students have mastered their multiplication facts, see if these offer any challenge. Seeing questions arranged in different ways builds flexibility and adaptability in students.

Progressively more difficult horizontal multiplication facts with 100 questions per page. These multiplication worksheets do not include any zeros

Horizontal multiplication of individual target facts with 100 questions per page

More Horizontal multiplication of individual target facts with 100 questions per page

Multiplying doubles

Multiplication Strategies

Halving and Doubling Strategy

The halving and doubling strategy is accomplished very much in the same way as its name. Simply halve one number and double the other then multiply. In many cases, this makes the multiplication of two numbers easier to accomplish mentally. This strategy is not for every multiplication problem, but it certainly works well if certain numbers are involved. For example, doubling a 5 results in a 10 which most people would have an easier time multiplying. Of course, this would rely on the other factor being easily halved. 5 × 72, using the halving and doubling strategy (doubling the first number and halving the second in this case) results in 10 × 36 = 360. Practicing with the worksheets in this section will help students become more familiar with cases in which this strategy would be used.

Learning Multiplication Through Games

Multiplication Bingo

Some students are a little more motivated when learning is turned into a game. Multiplication bingo encourages students to recall multiplication facts in an environment of competition.